Jewish history in Croatia in the 20th century
Organizacijska jedinica
Katedra za judaistiku

The aim of this course is to acquaint the student with the development of Jewish communities in the Croatian territory(s) during the Kingdom of SHS / Kingdom of Yugoslavia, the period of the Shoah, Communist Yugoslavia, and the Republic of Croatia.

This course helps students learn and understand Jewish history in the Croatian lands in the modern and contemporary periods. Students will be acquainted with basic skills for independent research on primary sources.
  1. Introduction. Terminology, periodization, historiography.
  2. Jews in Croat lands until 1918: Jewish communities in the Eastern Adriatic coast until 1806. Jewish communities in Hungarian Croatia and Slavonia and Austrian Dalmatia. From the Ottoman Jews to Habsburg subjects: Jews of Bosnia and Herzegovina. The First World War and the collapse of Austria-Hungary.
  3. Central and Eastern Europe after the end of the First World War. Minority treaties. The breakdown of Austria-Hungary and the creation of the Kingdom of SHS / Kingdom of Yugoslavia. The new context of the Jewish communities in the new state.
  4. Major processes in history of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes / Kingdom of Yugoslavia.
  5. Organization of the Jewish community in the Kingdom of SHS / Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Different Jewish organizations and their establishment and organization (women, youth, sport, and professional organizations, and the like). The position of the Jewish community in the new state and state legislation. From polycentric Jewish communities in Croatia towards two major Jewish centres, Zagreb and Osijek. Jews as city-dwellers. The process of social mobility. Jews as architects, builders, and real-estate developers.
  6. Economic and political crisis in Europe and changes in Jewish policies in Europe in the 1930s. The case of the Kingdom of Yugoslavia with an emphasis on Banovina Hrvatska.
  7. The Second World War and the Shoah. The creation of the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) and anti-Jewish laws.
  8. The Shoah in the NDH.
  9. Field work: Tour of Jewish Zagreb and Mirogoj cemetery.
  10. The aftermath of the Shoah in Europe. Postwar Europe.
  11. The creation of communist Yugoslavia. Repatriation, the postwar activity of the Zagreb Jewish community, the revival of Jewish communities, organizations, and associations, renewed membership in different Jewish international organizations. The question of the communal property of different Jewish organizations and associations as well as personal Jewish property. Aliyah 1948–1952. The adjustment of the Jewish community to the new political and social order.
  12. Jews in Croatia after 1952. Yugoslavia and Israel.
  13. Field work: Croatian Sate Archives.
  14. The Jewish community in the Republic of Croatia.
  15. Conclusion remarks.

Ishodi učenja
  1. describe the historiography and enumerate primary sources of the history of the Jewish communities and individuals
  2. list the Jewish communities of the Modern and Contemporary periods in the territory of Croatia
  3. explain the development of the Jewish communities in different historical circumstances, brought by fundamental changes in the periods in the aftermath of the Great war, during the Shoah and the aftermath of the Shoah
  4. recognize the complexities of Jewish identities during the local Jewish history in Austria-Hungary, the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, communist Yugoslavia, as well as the Republic of Croatia
  5. recognize specific facts in the area of Jewish-Croatian relations, emphasizing their contacts and the mutual influence they had on each other
  6. engage in further independent scholarly research
Metode podučavanja
Presentation and interpretation. Discussing and talking with students. Analysis in class of primary and secondary sources. Lectures in combination with a research paper and fieldwork.
Metode ocjenjivanja
Written essays. Oral final exam.

Obavezna literatura
  1. Židovi na tlu Jugoslavije, katalog izložbe. Zagreb: Muzejski prostor Zagreb, 1988. (selected chapters)
  2. Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj. Zagreb: Židovska općina, 1998. (selected chapters)
  3. Ivo Goldstein. Židovi u Zagrebu 1918–1941. Zagreb: Novi liber, 2004.
  4. Zlata Živaković Kerže. Židovi u Osijeku, 1918–1941. Osijek: Židovska općina Osijek, 2005.
  5. Ivo Goldstein / Slavko Goldstein. Holokaust u Zagrebu. Zagreb: Novi liber – Židovska općina Zagreb, 2001.
  6. Antisemitizam, Holokaust, Antifašizam. Ivo Goldstein (ur.). Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 1996. (selected chapters)
  7. Naida-Mihal Brandl. Židovi u Hrvatskoj od 1944/5. do 1952. godine. Zagreb, 2015. unpublished PhD thesis
Dopunska literatura
  1. Melita Švob. Židovi u Hrvatskoj – židovske zajednice. Izvori. Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 2004.
  2. Selected articles on the Omega platform.

Obavezan predmet na studijima
  1. Judaistika, sveučilišni preddiplomski dvopredmetni studij, 6. semestar
Fakultetska ponuda
  • Preddiplomski studij: Ljetni semestar