Naziv
Between the Empires: Jewish history in Croat Lands until the 20th century
Organizacijska jedinica
Katedra za judaistiku
ECTS
4
Šifra
225477
Semestri
zimski
Satnica
Predavanja
30

Cilj
Students will be able to map traces of the Jewish existence in the territories of the Croatian lands in late Antiquity and the Middle Ages; to understand the patterns of permanent Jewish settlement in the Croatian territories; to follow the development of Jewish communities in different historical contexts; to understand the complexities of Jewish identities in these lands, especially since the end of the 18th century; to be acquainted with facts from the area of Jewish-Croatian relations, emphasizing their contacts and the mutual influence they had on each other.

This course helps students to learn and understand Jewish history in the Croatian lands in different periods, from Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages to the Early Modern and Modern periods in the Croatian territories and in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Students will be acquainted with basic skills for doing independent research on primary sources.

The student will be acquainted with and be able to understand:
1. The historiography and primary sources of the history of Jewish communities and individuals;
2. Jewish communities of Late Antiquity and the Medieval period in the territories of the Croatian lands;
3. Historical processes in the Early Modern period in the Mediterranean, after the Expulsion of 1492;
4. The permanent settlement of Sephardic Jews on the Eastern Adriatic coast and Bosnia-Herzegovina in the context of the Expulsion of 1492, as well as their further development;
5. The everyday life of Jewish communities, their material culture, and their professions.
6. The permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews in the territory of the Habsburg Empire in the context of the partitions of Poland and the legislation of Maria Theresa and Joseph II;
7. The processes of Jewish settlement in Croatia and Slavonia and of Jewish emancipation in the Croat lands;
8. The economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia;
9. Processes that follow the decline and fall of two maritime republics in the Eastern Adriatic – Venetia and Dubrovnik – and the consequences for the Jewish communities of Split and Dubrovnik;
10. The emergence of Zionism, the First World War and the impact the Great War had on Jews.
Sadržaj
  1. Introduction. Terminology, periodization, historiography.
  2. Jews in the Croat lands in Late Antiquity and the Medieval period.
  3. The Early Modern and Modern period in the Mediterranean: the Italian states and the Ottoman Empire; Jewish expulsion from the Spanish crown lands; Jewish trade networks; the world of the Jews in maritime trade. Port Jews as a modernization phenomenon before modernization.
  4. Permanent settlement of the Sephardic Jews in the Eastern Adriatic coast and its hinterland, their economic role in the Venetian Republic and the Republic of Dubrovnik. The fall of the Venetian Republic and the Republic of Dubrovnik; Dalmatia during the Austrian government.
  5. Jewish policies of Maria Theresa and Joseph II in the context of enlightened absolutism in Europe. Permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews through the Habsburg Empire in the context of the Edicts of Toleration issued by Joseph II.
  6. From toleration to emancipation. The process of emancipation and the economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia.
  7. Judaism revised: the Central European case and a case study of the Zagreb Jewish community.
  8. The Ottoman Sephardim are becoming Habsburg subjects: Jewish communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the arrival of the Ashkenazi Jews.
  9. Everyday Jewish life in the long 19th century.
  10. Zionism and the First World War.
  11. The Museum of Arts and Crafts, Judaica collection.
  12. The Museum of the City of Zagreb, permanent exhibition.
  13. Jewish communities in Croat lands.
  14. Students presentations.
  15. Conclusion.

Ishodi učenja
  1. describe the historiography and primary sources of the history of the Jewish communities and individuals
  2. describe the Jewish communities of Late Antiquity and the Medieval period in the territories of the Croatian lands
  3. describe with historical processes in the Early Modern period in the Mediterranean, after the Expulsion of 1492
  4. describe the permanent settlement of Sephardic Jews on the Eastern Adriatic coast and Bosnia-Herzegovina in the context of the Expulsion of 1492 as well as their further development
  5. describe the everyday life of Jewish communities, their material culture, and their professions
  6. recount the permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews in the territory of the Habsburg Empire in the context of the partitions of Poland and the legislature of Maria Theresa and Joseph II.
  7. explain the processes of Jewish settlement in Croatia and Slavonia and of the Jewish emancipation in the Croatian lands
  8. describe the economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia
  9. explain the processes that follow the decline and fall of the two maritime republics in the Eastern Adriatic – Venetia and Dubrovnik – and their consequences for the Jewish communities of Split and Dubrovnik
  10. recount the emergence of Zionism, the First World War, and the impact the Great War had on Jews
Metode podučavanja
Methods of presentation and interpretation: Discussions with students. Analysis of primary and secondary sources. Lectures in combination with a seminar and fieldwork.
Metode ocjenjivanja
Written essays throughout the course; Oral final exam.

Obavezna literatura
  1. Naida-Mihal Brandl. Židovski studiji u srednjoj i istočnoj Europi. Crkva u svijetu 55:4 (2020): 860-892
  2. Ivo Goldstein. Historiografija o Židovima u Hrvatskoj. Radovi: Radovi Zavoda za hrvatsku povijest Filozofskoga fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu 34-35-36: 1 (2004): 285-290
  3. Naida-Mihal Brandl, ed. Židovi u Hrvatskoj. Hrvatska enciklopedija, vol. 11 (Zagreb: Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža, 2009): 821-824 or online: http://www.enciklopedija.hr/natuknica.aspx?id=67720
  4. Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj (Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 1998.): selected articles
  5. Selected articles available in Omega platform (mainly from HRČAK, the central portal of Croatian scientific journals)
Dopunska literatura

Obavezan predmet na studijima
  1. Judaistika, sveučilišni preddiplomski dvopredmetni studij, 5. semestar
Fakultetska ponuda
  • Preddiplomski studij: Zimski semestar