Naziv
Uvod u lingvistički studij engleskog jezika
Organizacijska jedinica
Odsjek za anglistiku
ECTS bodovi
6
Šifra
36062
Semestri izvođenja
zimski
Jezik izvođenja
engleski
Satnica
Predavanja
60
Kolegij je preduvjet za upis ili polaganje
Kolegij je potrebno položiti za

Cilj
Cilj je ovog kolegija trostruk. Prvo, student stječe osnovna teorijska znanja o prirodi jezika kao općeljudske pojave. Drugo, student se upoznaje sa sinkronijskim i dijakronijskim opisom engleskog jezika kroz prizmu različitih teorijskih pristupa. Ta su znanja osnova za praćenje nastave iz drugih jezičnih kolegija na studiju, a svrha im je potaknuti kritički pristup jezičnim teorijama. Najzad, izradom izbornih i obaveznih zadataka student stječe neke vještine vezane uz lingvistička istraživanja, gdje se praktički primjenjuju obrađene teorijske cjeline. Svrha im je pripremiti studenta za rad u jezičnim seminarima na višim godinama studija.
Sadržaj
  1. Orientation, syllabus. Scientific study of language. Levels of linguistic study.
  2. The sounds of English in comparison with the sounds of Croatian – a review of familiar notions. Articulatory description of sounds. Notation of sounds – transcription. The vocal tract and the ways of making sounds.(Ch. 4. in Yule (2006). Using the vocal tract to produce the sounds of English. Articulatory description of consonants, vowels and diphthongs. Some basic contrasts with Croatian. (Ch. 4 in Yule (2006))
  3. Suprasegmentals: stress, tone, intonation and their importance in meaning. Basic contrasts with Croatian. Measurement of sound waves and sound perception: examples of studies, their results and their significance. Phonology: the organization of sounds. Basic terms: phonemes, allophones, minimal pairs, phonotactics. Phonological alternations in English (and some basic contrasts with Croatian). (Ch 5 in Yule (2006); Ch. 1 in Fasold & Connor Linton (2006)). Additional reading: chapter 3 from Josipo
  4. Examples of the way words are constructed in English. Basic contrasts with Croatian. Phonotactic, semantic and functional limitations to making new words vs. acceptable innovations. How words become conventionalized. Why words – psychological reality vs. definitional problems. Morphemes. Morphemes, types of morphemes. Allomorphs. Ch. 7 in Yule (2006). Basic morphological operations: affixation, reduplication, ablaut and suppletion. Definitions of derivation and inflection. Examples. Ch. 3. in Fa
  5. Types of derivation. Types of inflection. The significance of inflection and derivation in English and Croatian. Examples and exercises. The basis of word combinations: meaning and grammar. Word classes and their characteristics. Problems with defining word classes. Larger units: phrases clauses, sentences. Head and dependents. Syntax: definition. Morphology and syntax: grammar. Ch. 8 in Yule (2006).
  6. The basis of word combinations – an overview of verbal and nominal grammatical categories. English vs. Croatian verbal categories: tense, aspect, mood, voice. (Selected terms from a glossary of linguistic terms). English vs. Croatian nominal categories: case, number, gender. Paradigmatic and syntagmatic relations in syntax. Syntactic functions vs. word classes. Exercises. Revision. Basics of generative grammar. Ch. 9 in Yule (2006).
  7. Revision.
  8. The centrality of meaning in linguistic analysis. The study of meaning on all linguistic levels: phonology (contrastive; suprasegmentals & intonation) morphology (definitional), syntax (the meaning of word combinations, phrases and sentences). Two levels of meaning: individual units (lexical meaning) & their combinations (phrases, sentences). Conceptual and associative meaning. Lexical relations (synonymy, antonymy, homonymy (homophony), polysemy). Lexical relations (hyponymy, prototypes; meto
  9. Meaning in context: pragmatics. Various examples of contextual meaning differences: knowledge of the world and culture, inference. Deixis: person, time, space; what English and Croatian code. Speech acts (introduction, examples). Speech acts (classification, felicity conditions). Pragmatic principles: cooperation, politeness. Interpreting discourse: cohesion & coherence, speech events, turn-taking, hedges, schemas and scripts. Chapters 11 & 12 in Yule (2006).
  10. Revision.
  11. Synchrony vs. diachrony (revision). Family trees, family relationships, comparative reconstruction. Examples.
  12. Old English, Middle English, Modern English. The process of change, sound changes, syntactic changes, lexical changes. Ch. 17 in Yule (2006).Language variation: sociolinguisticsLectal varieties: geographical, social, educational distribution. Language continuum. Examples of varieties of English around the world. Examples of sociolinguistic research: methods, participants and results. Sociolinguistic interview. Ch. 18 & 19 in Yule (2006).
  13. Revision of material. Examples of exam questions. Exercises. Discussion of study questions. What is different in language structure (a review of examples). What is common to all languages: typology and universals. Beyond linguistic structure: the body and culture as a source of similarities / differences. Examples (the significance of body parts in various languages). Universality / relativity: the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis. Some more examples (colors, kinship terms).
  14. Revision.
  15. Revision.

Ishodi učenja
  1. dati primjere važnosti pragmatike i konteksta za jezik i lingvistiku
  2. prepoznati povijesna razdoblja razvoja engleskog jezika i dati primjere razlika između engleskog jezika u ranijim razdobljima i danas
  3. opisati društvenu raslojenost engleskog jezika i dati primjere društvene raslojenosti
  4. objasniti i upotrijebiti osnovne pojmove iz područja artikulacijske fonetike engleskog jezika
  5. usporediti i svojim riječima izraziti sličnosti i razlike između engleskog i hrvatskog sustava glasova
  6. opisati i objasniti osnovne morfološke procese u engleskom jeziku
  7. usporediti i svojim riječima izraziti sličnosti i razlike između engleskog i hrvatskog morfološkog sustava
  8. opisati i objasniti osnovna načela sintaktičke analize engleskog jezika
  9. usporediti i svojim riječima izraziti osnovne sličnosti i razlike između strukture rečenice engleskog i hrvatskog jezika
  10. dati primjere važnosti semantike i proučavanja značenja za jezik i lingvistiku
Metode podučavanja
4 sata predavanja
Metode ocjenjivanja
pismeni ispit

Obavezna literatura
  1. Yule, George (2006), The Study of Language, 3rd ed, Cambridge University Press
Dopunska literatura
  1. Lyons, John (1981), Language and Linguistics. An Introduction. Cambridge University Press, str. 34-65; 100-135
  2. Fasold, Ralph W., and Connor-Linton, Jeff (eds.) (2006). An Introduction to Language and Linguistics. Cambridge University Press
  3. Josipović, Višnja (1999). Phonetics and Phonology for Students of English. Zagreb: Targa, str. 25-31

Obavezan predmet na studijima
  1. Anglistika, sveučilišni preddiplomski dvopredmetni studij, 1. semestar