Naziv
Between the Empires: Jewish history in Croat Lands until the 20th century
Organizacijska jedinica
Katedra za judaistiku
ECTS bodovi
3
Šifra
215569
Semestri izvođenja
zimski
Nastavnici
Satnica
Predavanja
30

Cilj
The aim of this course is to map first traces of the Jewish existence in the territories of the Croatian lands in the late Antiquity and Medieval period; to understand the patterns of the permanent Jewish settlement in the Croatian territories; to follow development of Jewish communities in different historical contexts; to understand complexities of Jewish identities in these lands, especially from the end of the 18th century; to acquaint the student with facts from the area of Jewish-Croatian relations emphasizing their contacts and mutual influence they had on each other.

This course helps students to acquire and understand Jewish history in Croatian lands in different periods, from the Late Antiquity to the Medieval, Early Modern and Modern periods in Croatian territories and in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Students will be acquainted with basic skills for the independent research on the primary sources.

The student will be acquainted with and able to understand:
1. The historiography and primary sources of the history of the Jewish communities and individuals;
2. Jewish communities of Late Antiquity and Medieval period in the territories of the Croatian lands;
3. Historical processes in the Early Modern period in the Mediterranean, after the Expulsion of 1492;
4. The permanent settlement of the Sephardic Jews on Eastern Adriatic coast and Bosnia-Herzegovina in the context of the Expulsion of 1492 as well as their further development;
5. An everyday life if Jewish communities, their material culture and their professions.
6. The permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews in the territory of the Habsburg Empire in the context of partitions of Poland and legislative of Maria Theresa and Joseph II;
7. The processes of Jewish settlement in Croatia and Slavonia and of the Jewish emancipation in the Croat lands;
8. The economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia;
9. Processes that follow the decline and fall of two maritime republics in the Eastern Adriatic: Venetia and Dubrovnik, and consequences on Jewish communities of Split and Dubrovnik;
10. The emergence of Zionism, the First World War and the role the Great War had on Jews.
Sadržaj
  1. Introduction. Terminology, periodization, historiography.
  2. Jews in Croat lands in Late Antiquity and Medieval period.
  3. Early Modern and Modern period in the Mediterranean: Italian states and the Ottoman Empire; Jewish expulsion from Spanish crown lands; Jewish trade networks; the world of the Jews in maritime trade. Port Jews as a modernization phenomenon before modernization.
  4. Permanent settlement of the Sephardic Jews in the Eastern Adriatic coast and its hinterland, their economic role in the Venetian Republic and the Republic of Dubrovnik.
  5. The fall of Venetian Republic and the Republic of Dubrovnik; Dalmatia during the Austrian government.
  6. Jewish policies of Maria Theresa and Joseph II in the context of the enlightened absolutism in Europe.
  7. Permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews through the Habsburg Empire in the context of Edicts of toleration issued by Joseph II.
  8. From toleration to emancipation. The process of Emancipation and economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia.
  9. Judaism revised: Central European case and case study of Zagreb Jewish community.
  10. The Ottoman Sephardim are becoming Habsburg subjects: Jewish communities in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the arrival of Ashkenazi Jews.
  11. Everyday life in the long 19th century.
  12. Museum of Arts and Crafts, Judaica collection.
  13. Museum of the City of Zagreb permanent exhibition.
  14. Zionism and the First World War.
  15. Conclusion.

Ishodi učenja
  1. to be acquainted with the historiography and primary sources of the history of the Jewish communities and individuals
  2. to be acquainted with Jewish communities of Late Antiquity and Medieval period in the territories of the Croatian lands
  3. to be acquainted with historical processes in the Early Modern period in the Mediterranean, after the Expulsion of 1492
  4. to be acquainted with the permanent settlement of the Sephardic Jews on Eastern Adriatic coast and Bosnia-Herzegovina in the context of the Expulsion of 1492 as well as their further development
  5. to be introduced to an everyday life of Jewish communities, their material culture and their professions
  6. to be acquainted with the permanent settlement of the Ashkenazi Jews in the territory of the Habsburg Empire in the context of partitions of Poland and legislative of Maria Theresa and Joseph II
  7. to be able to understand the processes of Jewish settlement in Croatia and Slavonia and of the Jewish emancipation in the Croat lands
  8. to be acquainted with the economic and social strengthening of the Jews in Croatia and Slavonia
  9. to be introduced to processes that follow the decline and fall of two maritime republics in the Eastern Adriatic: Venetia and Dubrovnik, and consequences on Jewish communities of Split and Dubrovnik
  10. to be introduced to the emergence of Zionism, the First World War and the role the Great War had on Jews
Metode podučavanja
Method of presentation and interpretation. Discussing and talking with students. Analysis of primary and secondary sources. Lectures in combination with a seminar and fieldwork.
Metode ocjenjivanja
Written essays throughout the course; Oral exam.

Obavezna literatura
  1. Ivo Goldstein. Historiografija o Židovima u Hrvatskoj. Radovi: Radovi Zavoda za hrvatsku povijest Filozofskoga fakulteta Sveučilišta u Zagrebu 34-35-36:1 (2004): 285-290
  2. Naida-Mihal Brandl. Židovski studiji u zemljama srednje i istočne Europe. Crkva u svijetu 55:4 (2020): 860-892
  3. Naida-Mihal Brandl (ed.). Židovi u Hrvatskoj. Hrvatska enciklopedija, vol. 11 (Zagreb: Leksikografski zavod Miroslav Krleža, 2009), 821-824 or online: http://www.enciklopedija.hr/natuknica.aspx?id=67720
  4. Židovi na tlu Jugoslavije. Katalog izložbe (Zagreb: Muzejski prostor, 1988) or Jews in Yugoslavia. Catalog of an exhibition (Zagreb: Muzejski prostor, 1988)
  5. Dva stoljeća povijesti i kulture Židova u Zagrebu i Hrvatskoj (Zagreb: Židovska općina Zagreb, 1998): selected articles.
Dopunska literatura
  1. Selected articles on Omega platform.

Obavezan predmet na studijima
  1. Judaistika, sveučilišni preddiplomski dvopredmetni studij, 5. semestar
Fakultetska ponuda
  • Preddiplomski studij: Zimski semestar